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Can you get a grip on emotions or do they get hold of you? Emotional beliefs & implications for emotional experience and psychological support

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This study examined the separate and combined influence of athletes’ emotional beliefs and emotion-regulation efficacy on (a) use of emotion-regulation strategies, (b) characteristics (intensity, frequency, direction) of emotions, and (c) the likelihood of seeking support to regulate emotions. Participants comprised British university students on sport-related courses (n = 214: male = xx), aged between xx and xx years (M = ; SD = ), who participated in a range of team and individual sports. Scores on the measures of entity/incremental beliefs, and emotion-regulation efficacy were dichotomised using a median split. Findings from a 2 (emotion belief: entity v incremental) x 2 (emotion regulation efficacy: high v low) MANOVA suggests that athletes holding entity beliefs (emotions are fixed) make greater use of suppression to regulate emotions compared to those holding incremental beliefs (F1, 7.81 = 6.23, p < 0.05). A series of univariate ANOVAs revealed that compared to those with low emotion-regulation efficacy, athletes high in emotion-regulation efficacy were more likely to (a) reappraise (F1, 4.96 = 5.81, p < 0.05); (b) feel more happiness (F1, 19.42 = 13.38, p < 0.001) and excitement (F1, 13.21 = 9.24, p < 0.05); (c) perceive that happiness (F1, 3.06 = 6.36, p <0.05) and excitement (F1, 4.10 = 6.92, p < 0.05) have a facilitative impact on performance; and (d) seek assistance from a professional (F1, 4.93 = 3.94, p < 0.05). Understanding athletes’ beliefs about emotion may help practitioners effectively assist athletes in emotion control.

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en

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(External URL)

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http://repository-intralibrary.leedsmet.ac.uk/IntraLibrary?command=open-preview&learning_object_key=i1173n105582t

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Statement of Copyright and Restriction for full text.