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Poland and the Lisbon strategy: employment and social inclusion policies and politics from the perspective of gender mainstreaming

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image for OpenScout resource :: Poland and the Lisbon strategy:  employment and social inclusion policies and politics from the perspective of gender mainstreaming

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Theoretical and empirical literature on the impact of the EU on national policies and politics in the 'old' (EU15) member states, generally grouped under the scholarship of European Integration and Europeanisation, has grown substantially over the past years. But still relatively little is known about parallel developments in the 2004 CEE accession countries. The main goal of this paper is to highlight the multilevel social, economic and political forces and actors at play in Poland which resulted from the exogenous events of (a) the collapse of socialism, and (b) joining the ranks of the EU, and to determine whether and how these developments generate new sets employment and social policies in the domestic setting. In comparison with the socialist system there are discernible shifts in underlying basic principles, ideas and objectives, which spurred a paradigm change in domestic policy making. Since Poland's accession to the EU and participation in the Lisbon Strategy policy change is less clear cut and displays a great deal of reluctance to the EU level agenda, especially if viewed through the Gender Mainstreaming lens. Through a document analysis of official domestic and EU policy files (such as the National Action Plans and National Reform Programmes), expert interviews, and secondary data analysis of reports and academic literature (especially for the post socialist pre-accession era) I conclude that domestic social policy change is, to a certain degree, influenced by the supranational factors. However, in the employment and social policy areas relevant to gender equality and women's participation in the labour market, it is the domestic social, economic, and political factors that take the front stage.

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en

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http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/31359/

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