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On the Chinese model

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The Chinese model should be a normative one in its defining characters. Although the present conditions in China do not pose a real challenge to the capitalist global system which continues to be delegitimized by crises and by destructions to the world’s human and natural environments, the making of the Chinese model is aspired by a socialist alternative. The model has been historically prepared for by the sequence of three movements in China: national liberation and social revolution in resistance against colonial modernity, mass-line style social mobilization in resistance against the Stalinist pattern of bureaucratic statism, and search for a socialist market in resistance against capitalist integration. A fundamental historical lesson shared by both the Maoist and reform eras is how not to lose the people and their interests and power central to government commitment and policy decisions. The Chinese model would therefore be normatively constituted of a revolutionary break with the past; a distinctly autonomous and democratic developmental state; a locally designated while nationally coherent political economy driven by needs, not profits, hence free of dependency and developmentalism; and a participatory society sustained by comprehensive social security and community self-management. One of the theoretical premises of such a model is the singularity, not universality, of capitalist industrial civilization. Yet the Chinese model is not a cultural concept against the west, but a political construction with international significance about overcoming capitalist rules of globalization.

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