Extremal subgraphs of random graphs: an extended version

We prove that there is a constant $c >0$, such that whenever $p \ge n^{-c}$, with probability tending to 1 when $n$ goes to infinity, every maximum triangle-free subgraph of the random graph $G_{n,p}$ is bipartite. This answers a question of Babai, Simonovits and Spencer (Journal of Graph Theory, 1990). The proof is based on a tool of independent interest: we show, for instance, that the maximum cut of almost all graphs with $M$ edges, where $M >> n$, is ``nearly unique''. More precisely, given a maximum cut $C$ of $G_{n,M}$, we can obtain all maximum cuts by moving at most $O(\sqrt{n^3/M})$ vertices between the parts of $C$.

en

http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/27676/