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Non-reductive physicalism and the limits of the exclusion principle

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It is often argued that higher-level special-science properties cannot be causally efficacious since the lower-level physical properties on which they supervene are doing all the causal work. This claim is usually derived from an exclusion principle stating that if a higherlevel property F supervenes on a physical property F* that is causally sufficient for a property G, then F cannot cause G. We employ an account of causation as differencemaking to show that the truth or falsity of this principle is a contingent matter and derive necessary and sufficient conditions under which a version of it holds. We argue that one important instance of the principle, far from undermining non-reductive physicalism, actually supports the causal autonomy of certain higher-level properties.

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en

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application/pdf

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http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/20118/1/Non-Reductive_Physicalism_and_the_Limits_of_the_Exclusion_Principle_%28LSERO%29.pdf

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