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Institutions and offshoring decision

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Several papers have proven that the institutional environment of the receiving country can influence the choice to establish an FDI. Property rights theory suggests that contract enforcement matters differentially across sectors. This paper is the first attempt to test whether institutions matter differentially across different sectors in FDI decision. Using data on U.S. Direct Investment Abroad, I find that institutional characteristics of the country and the industry positively affect the volume of offshoring between U.S. companies and their affiliates. The suggested argument is stronger for the intermediate products, while the evidence is weak for products ready for sale.

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Marcella Nicolini

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Adapt according to the presented license agreement and reference the original author.