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Spiralling in BTA-deep-hole drilling : models of varying frequencies

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One serious problem in deep-hole drilling is the formation of a dynamic disturbance called spiralling which causes holes with several lobes. Since such lobes are a severe impairment of the bore hole the formation of spiralling has to be prevented. Gessesse et al. (1994) explain spiralling by the coincidence of bending modes and multiples of the rotary frequency. They derive this from an elaborate finite elements model of the process. In online measurements we detected slowly changing frequency patterns similar to those calculated by Gessesse et al. We therefore propose a method to estimate the explanation of spiralling in practice because the finite elements model has to be correctly modified for each machine and tool assembly while the statistical method uses observable measurements. Estimating the variation of the frequencies as good as possible opens up the opportunity to prevent spiralling by e.g. changing the rotary frequency.

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Winfried Theis, Oliver Webber, Nils Raabe, Claus Weihs

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Adapt according to the presented license agreement and reference the original author.