Resource title

Why the apple doesn't fall far : understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital

Resource image

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Resource description

Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. However, is this because parental education actually changes the outcomes of children, suggesting an important spillover of education policies, or is it merely that more able individuals who have higher education also have more able children? This paper proposes to answer this question by using a unique dataset from Norway. Using the reform of the education system that was implemented in different municipalities at different times in the 1960s as an instrument for parental education, we find little evidence of a causal relationship between parents? education and children?s education, despite significant OLS relationships. We find 2SLS estimates that are consistently lower than the OLS estimates with the only statistically significant effect being a positive relationship between mother's education and son's education. These findings suggest that the high correlations between parents? and children?s education are due primarily to family characteristics and inherited ability and not education spillovers.

Resource author

Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Kjell G. Salvanes

Resource publisher

Resource publish date

Resource language

eng

Resource content type

text/html

Resource resource URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/20163

Resource license

Adapt according to the presented license agreement and reference the original author.