Resource title

The effect of age at school entry on educational attainment in Germany

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Resource description

Determining the optimal age at which a child should enter school is a controversial topic in education policy. In particular, German policy makers, pedagogues, parents, and teachers have since long discussed whether the traditional, established age of school entry at 6 years remains appropriate. Policies of encouraging early school entry or increased consideration of a particular child?s competency for school (?Schulfähigkeit?) have been suggested. Using a dataset capturing children who entered school in the late 1960s through the late 1970s, a time when delaying enrolment was common, we investigate the effect of age at school entry on educational attainment forWest and East Germany. Empirical results from linear probability models and matching suggest a qualitatively negative relation between the age at school entry and educational outcomes both in terms of schooling degree and probability of having to repeat a grade. These findings are likely driven by unobserved ability differences between early and late entrants.We therefore use a cut-off date rule and the corresponding age at school entry according to the regulation to instrument the actual age at school entry.The IV estimates suggest there is no effect of age at school entry on educational performance.

Resource author

Michael Fertig, Jochen Kluve

Resource publisher

Resource publish date

Resource language

eng

Resource content type

text/html

Resource resource URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/18578

Resource license

Adapt according to the presented license agreement and reference the original author.