Resource title

Gender, Competitiveness and Socialization at a Young Age - Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society

Resource image

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Resource description

Economists and other social scientists typically rely on gender differences inthe family-career balance, discrimination, and ability to explain gender gaps in wagesand in the prospect for advancement. A new explanation that has recently surfaced in theeconomics literature is that men are more competitively inclined than women, and havinga successful career requires competitiveness. A natural question revolves around theunderlying determinants of these documented competitive differences: are womensimply born less competitive, or do they become so through the process of socialization?To shed light on this issue, we compare the competitiveness of children in matrilineal andpatriarchal societies to show that the difference starts around puberty. Moreover, most ofthe changes during this period of life are within the patriarchal society, in whichboys become more competitive with age while girls become less competitive.

Resource author

Steffen Andersen, Seda Ertac, Uri Gneezy, John A. List, Sandra Maximiano

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Resource publish date

Resource language

eng

Resource content type

application/pdf

Resource resource URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10398/8389

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