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Evaluating Content Dimensions in Entrepreneurship Education

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Interest in entrepreneurship education is growing over the world, especially in innovationbased economies, such as Denmark (GEM, 2010). However, we know rather little about theoutcomes of entrepreneurship education, in particular with respect to which type of coursecontent produces the best results (i.e. most high performing entrepreneurs) and how thisaffects different types of students. There is a great variety of different views in the field ofresearch concerning the content and structure of entrepreneurship courses, but nocomprehensive study has yet been done in which these competing views are clearlyarticulated as rivals and tested against each other. There is also a lack of programmeevaluations that use control groups and have a longitudinal design (Gorman, Hanlon & King,1997; Karlsson & Moberg, 2011; Matlay, 2008). Those that have this setup often experiencemethodological problems due to their conceptual framework (Krueger, 2009), or they have aview of entrepreneurship that does not take into account the advancements within researchthat have been made during the last decade (Sarasvathy, 2008). Thus, we clearly need to digdeeper into this field in order to create methods and models that allow us to evaluate theoutcomes of different types of entrepreneurship courses.In the beginning of 2011, the Danish Foundation for Entrepreneurship – Young Enterpriseinitiated a research project with the aim to further our understanding of the type of impactentrepreneurship education and different educational designs have on different types ofstudents. Two longitudinal surveys, one with a focus on elementary- and secondary-leveleducation and one with focus on tertiary-level education, will be performed and databaseswith students from all levels of the Danish educational system will be created. The surveyswill use entrepreneurial self-efficacy (Mauer, Neergaard & Kirketerp, 2009) as a performanceindicator, but in order to generate robust results the development of new measurement tools isneeded. In this paper the initial phases of this project and the research design of these twosurveys will be presented. The development of a new ESE scale and the results from the pilotsurveys will also be presented.

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Kåre Moberg

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