Resource title

The Long Term Development of OECD Export Specialisation Patterns: - De-specialisation and “Stickiness”

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The paper examines an issue related to the discussion of national specificity - whether the groupof OECD countries are characterised by a high degree of stability of their export specialisationpatterns at the country level or not. During a period of nearly three decades from 1965 to 1992,20 OECD countries are examined. In addition we test whether the countries, have become moreor less specialised in terms of trade specialisation in the period in question. In order to fulfill theseaims we examine the sensitivity for, firstly; the level of aggregation, and secondly; the kind ofstatistical methodology applied. In this context we distinguish between specialisation (or despecialisation)in trade patterns on the one hand, and divergence (or on the contrary convergence)in trade patterns on the other. A specialisation process refers to a process in which specialisationintra-country becomes more dispersed (and counter-wise for de-specialisation). On the contrary,a divergence process refers to a process in which countries become more different in terms ofspecialisation in a particular sector, across countries (and counter-wise for convergence).The results show that elements of ‘stickiness’ and incremental change are combined for whatconcerns the intra-country analysis. In addition there is a (however slow) tendency for countriesto de-specialise in terms of exports. The sector-wise results display convergence both in terms of - and )-convergence.

Resource author

Keld Laursen, Gert Villumsen, Bent Dalum

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Resource language

eng

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application/pdf

Resource resource URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10398/8120

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