Resource title

TECHNOLOGY POLICY AND COOPERATION: - A paradigmatic approach

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The main objective of the paper is to provide an analytical framework based onevolutionary arguments, explaining the role and rationale of technology policies basedon inter-organisation cooperations. We try to combine different arguments developpedin the literature in order to define a coherent approach of technology policies :organisational, failure and paradigmatic approaches. We will argue that the role oftechnological policies and their design are contingent on whether knowledge creationemerges in an existing technological paradigm or will be at the origin of a new one.In the first part of the paper, we will define two broad kinds of cooperative policy :one (pre-paradigmatic) devoted to create radically new knowledge by exploring newavenues in order to initiate a new technological paradigm and the other (paradigmatic)devoted to create new knowledge by using exploitation mechanisms in order tomaintain technological options and variety, inducing innovation and reducingnegative lock-in effects. We specify also for each situation the kind of intervention(coordination, institutional structure) compatible with the objective of the policy.In the second part of the paper, we will illustrate our theoretical arguments byfocusing on two types of cooperative programme : one devoted to create a newknowledge base in a pre-paradigmatic phase (the development of a digital switchingsystem in France) and the other more devoted to foster knowledge in existingparadigms (the case of Brite-Euram).

Resource author

Patrick Llerena

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Resource language

eng

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application/pdf

Resource resource URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10398/8084

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