Resource title

The apparel industry in West Europe

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Resource description

The Apparel Industry was one of the first globally operating industries.Already in the early 1970ies did European fashion companies extend theirmanufacturing workbenches into lower cost neighbouring countries, making itone of the first industries to have a globally distributed network. In the firstdecade of the 21st century, the conditions for clothes manufacturing haschanged considerably. The Sourcing Share of Asia increased dramaticallyespecially since Chinas participation in the WTO in 2005 which led to theabolition of quotas. India, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Malaysia and the Philippinesalso play a major role in the Asian Textile and Garment Market. But even so,West Europe, the Mediterranean Rim and the East European Countries stillplay an important role on the global textile and apparel market, maybe nolonger from the volume perspective but in terms of variety, complexity andproduct quality, particularly for the more demanding markets. Latin Americahas seen a significant decline over the last decade but is developing similarstrategies like Europe to compete through quality and specialty niche ratherthan volume. Does this mean that the West European Apparel Industry is dead?The European Textile and Garment industry has undergone a severe declinesince 1970 which nearly made it extinct in some of the EU founding economies.The labour intensive manufacturing segment which is almost not existent inWestern Europe today particularly suffered. The only uncritical area wherespecifically one country in Western Europe is still defending its share, possiblydue to changed sourcing practices and a recently increased presence on theglobal marketplace is the textile sector in Italy, which has even seen a rise inboth volumes and employees over the last decade.

Resource author

Jan Hilger

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Resource publish date

Resource language

eng

Resource content type

application/pdf

Resource resource URL

http://hdl.handle.net/10398/7771

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