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Industrial metabolism of nitrogen

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This paper quantitatively reviews the sources, production processes and economic uses of nitrogen-based chemicals, especially ammonia and its derivates. It attempts to account for production losses, by species, and for losses in use, especially in agriculture, using the materials balance approach. It also discusses the sources of NOx via high temperature combustion processes, especially internal combustion engines and thermal power plants. Data is presented mainly for the U.S. in 1988. These results are compared with other estimates

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