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Aggregate wastes in the U.S. chemical industries

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The paper is a systematic derivation of aggregate production wastes for the US chemicals industries, SIC 28 (1975-1988). To facilitate this derivation we have classified chemicals within this sector by key element(s) from which they are derived. Each is thought of as initiating a transformation process, converting material (and energy) inputs to outputs. Both inputs and outputs are published in well-established government statistics, with rare exceptions. This makes it possible to use the materials-balance methodology by comparing aggregate input and outputs... We compare the results of this "bottom up" approach with other estimates of waste residuals... The data used is sufficiently standard so that it should be possible for a government agency to compile and present these data on a routine basis. Where there are major differences with other sources (including direct measures) the underlying data probably need revision

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