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A Framework to unravel, prioritize and coordinate vulnerability and complexity factors affecting a humanitarian operation

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A successful humanitarian operation is one that mitigates the urgent needs of a population with a sustainable reduction of their vulnerability in the shortest amount of time and with the least amount of resources. This paper intends to show that complex humanitarian crises demand a strategic approach for two reasons. The first is rooted in the vulnerability factors that contribute to the trigger event of a crisis. The second addresses the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality that regulate the actions of the organizations. The authors suggest that in designing the response operation, humanitarian managers analyze the vulnerability factors that drive the disaster to become a complex crisis using the Pressure and Release model. Secondly, that they trace the relationship between these factors and how they shape complexity. Lastly, they recommend they group and map the factors in three groups and figure out which are directly related to the disaster; which are not related to the disaster but affect the operation; and which are related to neither but affect vulnerability. The result from these three steps is dynamic as it changes with the situation, so it should be revisited as the crisis evolves. At any point it will help to prioritize the needs and activities, and to identify the critical points in the operation at which information may be needed to coordinate activities and avoid conflict or escalation.

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en

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application/pdf

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http://flora.insead.edu/fichiersti_wp/inseadwp2004/2004-41.pdf

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Copyright INSEAD. All rights reserved