Resource title

Organic production systems

Resource image

image for OpenScout resource :: Organic production systems

Resource description

What type of production systems would emerge if one could combine materials that were both "universal" (usable across different products) and recyclable, with manufacturing technologies that were small-scale, flexible and could be locally deployed anywhere? In this article, the authors propose, first, that such production systems already exist: nature has, over the course of four billion years of evolution, developed them inside biological cells. Second, they posit that the principles of the biological production system in the cell are able to explain the direction of currently observable trends in manufacturing, a direction that may lead to a manufacturing system that they call "organic production". They examine the transformation dynamics of organic production systems with several case examples and they identify steps that companies can take to introduce organic production principles into selected parts of their supply chains.

Resource author

Resource publisher

Resource publish date

Resource language


Resource content type


Resource resource URL

Resource license

Copyright INSEAD. All rights reserved