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Do colder and hotter climates make the rich more but the poor less happy and altruistic

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Needs for physiological comfort make some human environments more demanding than others. Various theories predict that greater demands lead to satisfaction and unselfishness if adequate resources abound, but to dissatisfaction and selfishness if resources are lacking. Two country-level studies confirm this prediction for thermal demands (cold, comfortable, and hot climates) and thermal resources (high-income vs. low -income nations) as joint roots of happiness (N = 55) and altruism (N = 71). In uncomfortably colder climates the rich are more but the poor are less happy and altruistic. In uncomfortably hotter climates the rich are happier but the poor are unhappier. In both colder and hotter climates the rich tend to be happier at the expense of being more altruistic whereas the poor tend to be more altruistic at the expense of being happier. The findings generate a demands – resources theory on self- and other-directed consequences of thermoclimate.

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en

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application/pdf

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http://flora.insead.edu/fichiersti_wp/inseadwp2002/2002-42.pdf

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