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Leadership in organizations

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This entry on leadership for the International encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences opens by pointing out the definitional confusion among researchers of leadership - a confusion grounded in the fact that leadership can be looked at as either a property (the position of the "personalists") or a process (the position of their opponents, the "situationists"). A number of influencial leadership theories are exemined, including theories that emphasize the importance of traits, behaviors, contingency, attributions and symbolism. Charismatic and transformational leadership are reviewed. Attention is given to the importance of the clinical paradigm in leadership research. Finally, questions are raised about possible areas of future research.

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