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Quantitative models for reverse logistics: a review.

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This article surveys the recently merged field of reverse logistics. The management of return flows induced by the various forms of reuse of products and materials in industrial production processes has received growing attention throughout this decade. Many authors have proposed quantitative models taking those changes in the logistics environment into account. However, no general framework has been suggested yet. Therefore the time seems right for a systematic overview of the issues arising in the context of reverse logistics. In this paper we subdivide the field into three main areas namely distribution planning inventory control and production planning. For each of these we discuss the implications of the emering reuse efforts, review the mathematical models proposed in the literature and point out the areas in need of further research. Special attention is paid to differences and/or similarities with classical "forward" logistics methods

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