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An Environmental life cycle optimization model for the european pulp and paper industry

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Will paper recycling reduce the environmental impact of the European pulp and paper sector? If so, is maximal paper recycling the best policy to optimize the life cycle of the pulp and paper sector? We explore these questions using an approach that combines materials accounting methods and optimization techniques. Environmental impact data are inputs for a linear programming network flow model to find optimal configurations for the sector. These configurations consist of a mix of different pulping technologies, a geographical distribution of pulp and paper production, and a level of recycling strategies. Recycling offers a reduction in environmental impact in regions with a high population and a large production of paper and board products. regions with a high production of graphic products should focus on cleaner virgin pulp production with energy recovery. We conclude that relocation of paper production also offers a reduction in environmental impact

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en

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application/pdf

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http://flora.insead.edu/fichiersti_wp/Inseadwp1995/95-71.pdf

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Copyright INSEAD. All rights reserved